The 6th Saxon State Parliament was elected on August 31th 2014. Each legislative period is five years. The Saxon State Parliament is currently made up of 126 members. There are five parliamentary parties. The first Saxon State Parliament after the Peaceful Revolution of 1989 was formed in 1990.
The 6th legislative period began with the constituting session on September 29th 2014. In accordance with the Law on Elections to the Saxon State Parliament, the members are elected in general, direct, free, equal and secret ballots.
60 mandates are given to constituency candidates who are elected directly to the State Parliament as individuals by voters with their direct votes (“first vote”).
The remainder - generally also 60 – mandates are given to parties which receive list votes (“second votes”) from at least five percent of the electorate. The second vote allows voters to decide on the proportional ratio of the elected parties in the parliament to one another.
In the 2014 election, the parties received the following percentages of the votes:
|Party||Shares of votes|
|CDU (Christian Democratic Union)||39,4 %|
|DIE LINKE (Party of Democratic Socialism)||18,9 %|
|SPD (Social Democratic Party of Germany)||12,4 %|
|AfD (Alternative for Germany)||9,7 %|
|GRÜNE (Alliance90/The Green Party)||5,7 %|
As a result of the election, one compensatory mandates had to be allocated to list applicants from other parties to compensate for one additional direct mandates of a party. Accordingly, the 6th Saxon State Parliament has 126 members.
The Saxon State Parliament is currently made up of 126 members.
|DIE LINKE (Left Party)||27|
|GRÜNE (Green Party)||8|
Duties of the State Parliament
The most important duties of the parliament are State Legislation and passing the State Budget, as well as supervising the State Government, and the subordinate State Administration.
Draft laws can be submitted to the State Parliament by the Parliamentary Parties, six or more Members of Parliament, the State Government and the people, via a petition initiative.
The decisions of the State Parliament are always made by the plenum, generally in public sessions. The plenum is also the forum for public debate, important political statements by individual Members of Parliament, Parliamentary Parties and the State Government.
The State Parliament committees
The State Parliament forms committees comprising members from all Parliamentary Parties to prepare the decisions by the plenum.
- They are the forum for thorough discussions by the experts from the Parliamentary Parties.
- The primarily deal with matters which are allocated to them, generally by the plenum.
- They can summon public hearings of experts, interest groups and other persons to provide information on a subject of discussion.
- Their meetings are generally not public.